A pronoun (सर्वनाम) is defined as a word or phrase that may be substituted for a noun or noun phrase, which once replaced, is known as the pronoun’s antecedent.A pronoun can act as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, and more.
Types of Pronouns
Pronouns can be divided into numerous categories including:
- All are welcome to come to the birthday party tonight.
- Lizzie gave that book to someone and never got it back.
- Anyone can play the game as long as they follow the rules.
- Does anybody have a clue where the dog went?
- You need to stop lying to me.
- We would love for you to join us.
- Come look at my cat! He has climbed to the top of that tree.
- I was in a hurry, so I washed the car myself.
- You’re going to have to drive yourself to school today.
- He wanted to impress her, so he baked a cake himself.
- Jennifer does chores herself because she doesn’t trust others to do them right.
- This was my mother’s ring.
- That looks like the car I used to drive.
- These are nice shoes, but they look uncomfortable.
- Those look like riper than the apples on my tree.
- This is my cat, not your cat. (Sounds repetitive)
- This cat is mine, not yours.
- I didn’t have my book so Jenny lent me her book. (Sounds repetitive)
- I didn’t have my book, so Jenny lent me hers.
- The cyclist who won the race trained hard.
- The pants that I bought yesterday are already stained.
- The four team leaders, whomever the committee selects, will be at tomorrow’s meeting.
- Spaghetti, which we eat at least twice a week, is one of my family’s favorite meals.
- What do you want for your birthday?
- Which shirt do you think looks better on me?
- Who do you think will win the playoff game?
- To whom are you speaking?
- Whose socks are those?
- Maria and Juan gave each other gold rings on their wedding day.
- Maria and Juan kissed each other at the end of the ceremony.
- Terry and Jack were talking to each other in the hallway.
- We give each other gifts during the holidays.
- Jesse wondered aloud whether he himself was the only one seeing what was happening.
- Maria knew that she herself could make a positive impact on the world, if only she put her mind to it.
- You yourself can easily transform your body: All it takes is a proper diet and plenty of exercise.
- The team knew that they themselves were responsible for playing their best.
Few important rules for using pronouns are as follows:-
- Subject pronouns may be used to begin sentences. For example: We did a great job.
- Subject pronouns may also be used to rename the subject. For example: It was she who decided we should go to Hawaii.
- Indefinite pronouns don’t have antecedents. They are capable of standing on their own. For example: No one likes the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard.
- Object pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. These include: you, me, him, her, us, them, and it. For example: David talked to her about the mistake.
- Possessive pronouns show ownership. They do not need apostrophes. For example: The cat washed its whiskers.
List of Pronouns