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IBPS Pronouns Notes for Bank Exam

pronoun (सर्वनाम) is defined as a word or phrase that may be substituted for a noun or noun phrase, which once replaced, is known as the pronoun’s antecedent.A pronoun can act as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, and more.

Examples

Contents

Types of Pronouns

Pronouns can be divided into numerous categories including:

Indefinite pronounsPersonal pronounsReflexive pronounsDemonstrative pronouns Possessive pronouns Relative pronounsInterrogative pronouns Reciprocal pronouns Intensive pronouns
 Those referring to one or more unspecified objects, beings, or places.

Examples :

  • All are welcome to come to the birthday party tonight.
  • Lizzie gave that book to someone and never got it back.
  • Anyone can play the game as long as they follow the rules.
  • Does anybody have a clue where the dog went?

Those preceded by the adverb, adjective, pronoun, or noun to which they refer, and ending in –self or –selves.

Examples:

  1. I was in a hurry, so I washed the car myself.
  2. You’re going to have to drive yourself to school today.
  3. He wanted to impress her, so he baked a cake himself.
  4. Jennifer does chores herself because she doesn’t trust others to do them right.

 Those used to point to something specific within a sentence.Words are used for the demonstrative like this,that,these,those etc.

Examples : 

  1. This was my mother’s ring.
  2. That looks like the car I used to drive.
  3. These are nice shoes, but they look uncomfortable.
  4. Those look like riper than the apples on my tree.

Those designating possession or ownership.

Examples: 

  1. This is my cat, not your cat. (Sounds repetitive)
  2. This cat is mine, not yours.
  3. I didn’t have my book so Jenny lent me her book. (Sounds repetitive)
  4. I didn’t have my book, so Jenny lent me hers.

Those which introduce a question.Words like who,whose,whom,which,what are used for interrogative.

Examples :

  1. What do you want for your birthday?
  2. Which shirt do you think looks better on me?
  3. Who do you think will win the playoff game?
  4. To whom are you speaking?
  5. Whose socks are those?

 

Those expressing mutual actions or relationship; i.e. one another.

Examples:

  1. Maria and Juan gave each other gold rings on their wedding day.
  2. Maria and Juan kissed each other at the end of the ceremony.
  3. Terry and Jack were talking to each other in the hallway.
  4. We give each other gifts during the holidays.

Those ending in –self or –selves and that serve to emphasize their antecedents.

Examples : 

  1. Jesse wondered aloud whether he himself was the only one seeing what was happening.
  2. Maria knew that she herself could make a positive impact on the world, if only she put her mind to it.
  3. You yourself can easily transform your body: All it takes is a proper diet and plenty of exercise.
  4. The team knew that they themselves were responsible for playing their best.
Also Read:  Statement & Conclusions Notes, Questions & Tricks

Pronoun Rules

Few important rules for using pronouns are as follows:-

  • Subject pronouns may be used to begin sentences. For example: We did a great job.
  • Subject pronouns may also be used to rename the subject. For example: It was she who decided we should go to Hawaii.
  • Indefinite pronouns don’t have antecedents. They are capable of standing on their own. For example: No one likes the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard.
  • Object pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. These include: you, me, him, her, us, them, and it. For example: David talked to her about the mistake.
  • Possessive pronouns show ownership. They do not need apostrophes. For example: The cat washed its whiskers.

List of Pronouns

List of Pronouns
 I   We   Me   Us 
 You   She  He  Her
Him  They  Them  It 
That  Which  Who  Whose 
 Whichever   Whoever Whomever This 
These Those  Anybody Anything 
 Everything Nobody Neither No one
Each Either Everyone Everybody
Nothing Somebody One  Someone
Something Few  Many Both
Several Any All Some

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