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IBPS Bank PO, SO, Clerk

 

Important Computer Abbreviations for IBPS Clerk & PO

Untitled-1.fwComputer Basics for IBPS bank exams

This is the scoring part of the IBPS bank exams like Clerk, PO, SO, RBI, SBI, and others. Computer Abbreviation is the important subject for the IBPS bank exam. This section in bank exam is new and important due to increasing number of uses of computers and the internet in all banks. Candidates who are preparing for the bank exams they have basic knowledge of computer, their applications and how to use them. This article is for giving the information of basic knowledge and related question from computers. From this section, there will be 20-25 questions in each exam.

Syllabus of computer for IBPS exam

There are some topics regarding computer are as follows:-

  • Computer Definition
  • Basic Organization of Computer system
  • Different parts of Computer
  • Generations of Modern Computer
  • Different types of Computer
  • Define Hardware and Software
  • Networking concepts
  • Computer Shortcuts / Computer Abbreviation

These given notes will help you to answer the questions related IBPS clerk ,PO and others .Candidate must have downloaded in PDF format.Read its carefully and discuss topics one by one:

Also Read:  Boat and Stream shortcut tricks

What is Computer

The computer is an electronic device/machine that receives information in a particular format as input and applies a set of instructions to give a result in the form of useful information as output.It helps in solving problems according to the instructions given bu the user called programs or software.

It is a digital machine(that uses binary digits) used in all fields.Father of the computer is Charles Babbage.

A computer can manage information, or data and has ability to store, retrieve and process data.In real life, the computer is used for send mail, play games, write a document and for browse the web.

Basic Organization of Computer system

This is the basic structure of the computer system.In the diagram, there are three basic parts are as follows:-

Basic orginazation of computer

                                       Fig:Basic Organization of Computer system

Different parts of Computer

There are three parts of the computers are as follows:-

  1. Input Devices

    An input device is a peripheral ( computer hardware ) device used to provide data and control signals to  a computer.Examples of inputs devices are keyboard,mouse,scanners,joystick and others etc.

  2. Central Processing Unit

    Central Processing Unit,basically known as CPU.The control unit(CU),Arithmetic Logical Unit (ALU) and memory are collectively called CPU.There are three components of CPU are

  3. Control Unit

    It helps to control and manages the hardware parts.It reads the instructions given by the user to the computer.

  4. Arithmetic Logical Unit

    ALU works on arithmetic and logic.Arithmetic have math’s function like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.Logic involves the conditional like true or false.

  5. Memory

    It stores all the data and information in the system’s memory for the future use.

  6. Output Devices

    An output device is a hardware item used to communicate the results to the computer screen  which converts the electronically generated information into an understandable form.

Generations of Modern Computer

 

Generations
 S.No Generation Years Description
 1 First Generation  1942-54 Vaccum Tubes
 2 Second Generation 1952-64  Transistor.
 3 Third Generation 1964-72  Integrated Circuit (IC)
 4 Fourth Generation 1972-90 Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) microprocessor.
 5 Fifth Generation 1990-till now . Ultra-Large Scale Integrated( ULSI) microprocessor

Different types of Computer

Types of the computer are categorized on the uses and sizes.

Based on Uses

  • Analog computer
  • Digital computer
  • Hybrid computer

Based on Sizes

  • Micro computer
  • Personal computer
  • Mini Computer
  • Mainframe computer
  • Super computer

Define Hardware and Software

Hardware

It is the physical parts or components of a computer, such as a monitor, keyboard, computer data storage and others etc. all of which are see and touch.

Software

It is set of programs or instructions to perform the particular task like MS Office and paint etc.

 Networking concepts

Networks like LAN(Local Area Network) ,WAN(Wide Area Network) and MAN(Metropolitan Area Network) and there are some topologies are used like point-to-point,bus,star,ring and mesh.

Computer Shortcuts / Computer Abbreviation

These abbreviations are asked in the IBPS exams:-

  1. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line – ADSL
  2. American National Standards Institute – ANSI
  3. Application Program Interface – API
  4. American Standard Code For Information Interchange – ASCII
  5. Basic Input Output System – BIOS
  6. Bytes Per Seconds – BPS
  7. Computer Aided Design – CAD
  8. Cisco Certified Network Associate – CCNA
  9. Common Gateway Interface – CGI
  10. Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor – CMOS
  11. Common Business Oriented Language – COBOL
  12. Central Processing Unit – CPU
  13. Cathode Ray Tube – CRT
  14. Data Base Management System – DBMS
  15. Domain Name System (Server) – DNS
  16. Digital Subscriber Line – DSL
  17. Erasable Read Only Memory – EROM
  18. File Transfer Protocol – FTP
  19. Giga Bytes – GB
  20. Graphical User Interface – GUI
  21. Hard Disk Drive – HDD
  22. Hyper Text Markup Language – HTML
  23. Hyper Text Transfer Protocol – HTTP
  24. IO: Input Output
  25. IC: Integrated Circuit
  26. IE: Internet Explorer
  27. ISP: Internet Service Provider
  28. JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
  29. LAN: Local Area Network
  30. MB: MegaBytes
  31. MBPS: Mega Bytes Per Second
  32. MODEM: Modulator And Demodulator
  33. MP3: Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3
  34. MPEG: Motion Pictures Experts Group
  35. MS: Microsoft
  36. NTFS: New Technology File System
  37. OS – Operating System
  38. PC: Personal Computer
  39. PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
  40. PDF: Portable Document Format
  41. PNG: Portable Network Graphics
  42. PNP: Plug And Play
  43. RAM: Random Access Memory
  44. ROM: Read Only Memory
  45. SDK: Software Development Kit
  46. SQL: Structured Query Language
  47. TCP: Transmission Control Protocol
  48. UI: User Interface
  49. URL: Universal Resource Locator
  50. VAN: Virtual Area Network
  51. VB: Visual Basic
  52. VPN: Virtual Private Network
  53. W3C: World Wide Web Consortium
  54. WAN: Wide Area Network
  55. WINDOWS NT: Windows New Technology
  56. WINDOWS XP: Windows Experienced
  57. WWW: World Wide Web
  58. XML: Extensible Markup Language
  59. WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get
Updated: August 11, 2016 — 10:25 am
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